A victim survey is literally that: a survey of victims of crime. The aim of a crime survey is to gauge how much crime and what types of crime are happening in an area.
An advantage of a victim survey is that the researcher is far more likely to get an accurate picture of crime than just asking people if they have committed a crime: no one is going to want to own up to stealing a bus.
Another advantage is that victim surveys can help authorities identify areas in which crime is high and they can therefore deal with those crimes.
A disadvantage of victim surveys are that the survey can bring up unpleasant memories for some people and therefore ethics are an issue that have to be considered.
In addition, the participants may lie about what crime they have experienced because of evaluation anxiety…
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